“The highest activity a human being can attain is learning for understanding, because to understand is to be free.”
- Benedict de Spinoza

Welcome to the Study of Understanding website. Here you will find resources for the study of human understanding in psychology, philosophy, theology, and related areas.
Our goal is to develop a scholarly corpus of publications, news, and events about human understanding.


In recent years there has been considerable progress in the psychology of understanding. This section catalogues empirical work on the nature and varieties of human understanding, with a focus on cognitive, social, educational, and developmental psychology.


The study of human understanding in philosophy has generated much new research. Here you will find books and articles about understanding in a variety of philosophical areas, including epistemology, the philosophy of science, aesthetics, and ethics.


Scholars working in theology, religious studies, and the philosophy of religion are debating whether, and how, religious understanding can be achieved. This section provides academic resources for the study of understanding from diverse theological perspectives.


Here you can view the profiles of a number of scholars who are currently investigating the nature and varieties of human understanding. In particular, you will find a selected list of researchers in psychology, philosophy, and theology working in the area.

News & Events

  • Professor Michael Strevens discusses understanding on the New York Times philosophy blog.
  • Harvard University develops and tests a pedagogy to “teach for understanding”.
  • Williams College Magazine discusses the Varieties of Understanding project.
  • More news and events.

Contact Us

Department of Philosophy
Fordham University
Bronx, NY 10458